Publications - Published papers

Please find below publications of our group. Currently, we list 501 papers. Some of the publications are in collaboration with the group of Sonja Prohaska and are also listed in the publication list for her individual group. Access to published papers (access) is restricted to our local network and chosen collaborators. If you have problems accessing electronic information, please let us know:

©NOTICE: All papers are copyrighted by the authors; If you would like to use all or a portion of any paper, please contact the author.

Mitochondrial Genome Evolution

Matthias Bernt, Rainer Machne, Abdullah H Sahyoun, Martin Middendorf, Peter F Stadler

Download


PREPRINT 13-010:
  paperID

Status:


eLS. doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0025142

Abstract


Mitochondria are membrane-enclosed organelles present in most eukaryotic cells that generate most of the cell's adenosine triphosphate (ATP) supply. Derived from a proteobacterial ancestor, mitochondria harbour their own, drastically reduced genome. Starting from a prokaryote-like ancestral state encoding a complete ribosomal ribonucleic acid (rRNA) operon, a complete set of transfer RNAs (tRNAs) required for translation, and key enzymes of the respiratory chain as well as some ribosomal proteins, the mitogenome has been dramatically restructured and further reduced in many of the eukaryotic lineages. The loss and transfer to the nucleus of mitochondrial genes is a common trend in most phyla, in particular in Metazoa and Alveolata. In extreme, phylogenetically dispersed cases, often associated with parasitic or anaerobic life styles, mitochondria have been transformed to the so-called mitosomes or hydrogenosomes devoid of their own genetic material. Ancestrally a single circular deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), mitogenomes have evolved to complex, fragmented architectures in particular in Euglenozoa.

Keywords


evolution, eukaryote, genome rearrangements, horizontal gene transfer, introns, mitochondria, respiratory chain, rRNA, tRNA