Publications - Published papers

Please find below publications of our group. Currently, we list 500 papers. Some of the publications are in collaboration with the group of Sonja Prohaska and are also listed in the publication list for her individual group. Access to published papers (access) is restricted to our local network and chosen collaborators. If you have problems accessing electronic information, please let us know:

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Evolution of Spliceosomal snRNA Genes in Metazoan Animals

Manuela Marz, Toralf Kirsten, Peter F. Stadler


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While studies of the evolutionary histories of protein families are common place, little is known on noncoding RNAs beyond microRNAs and some snoRNAs. Here we investigate in detail the evolutionary history of the 9 spliceosomal snRNA families (U1, U2, U4, U5, U6, U11, U12, U4atac, and U6atac) across the completely or partially sequenced genomes of metazoan animals.<br> Representatives of the five major spliceosomal snRNAs were found in all genomes. None of the minor splicesomal snRNAs was detected in Nematodes and in the shotgun traces of <em>Oikopleura dioica</em>, while in all other animal genomes at most one of them is missing. Although snRNAs are present in multiple copies in most genomes, distinguishable paralog groups are not stable over long evolutionary times, although they appear independently in several clades. In general, animal snRNA secondary structures are highly conserved, albeit in particular U11 and U12 in insects exhibit dramatic variations. An analysis of genomic context of snRNAs reveals that they behave like mobile elements, exhibiting very little syntenic conservation.


snRNA, evolution, comparative genomics, secondary structures, paralogs