Publications - Published papers

Please find below publications of our group. Currently, we list 496 papers. Some of the publications are in collaboration with the group of Sonja Prohaska and are also listed in the publication list for her individual group. Access to published papers (access) is restricted to our local network and chosen collaborators. If you have problems accessing electronic information, please let us know:

©NOTICE: All papers are copyrighted by the authors; If you would like to use all or a portion of any paper, please contact the author.

Synchroma grande spec. nov. (Synchromophyceae class. nov., Heterokontophyta): An Amoeboid Marine Alga with Unique Plastid Complexes

Horn S, Ehlers K, Fritzsch G, Candelaria Gil-Rodríguez M, Wilhelm Ch and Schnetter R.


PREPRINT 07-031:
[ Publishers's page ]  paperID


Protist. 158: 277-293.


Chromist algae including the Heterokontophyta are supposed to have evolved monophyletically by secondary endosymbiosis from a eukaryotic host cell that engulfed a eukaryotic red alga. The red algal endosymbiont was then reduced to a secondary plastid surrounded by four enveloping membranes. On the basis of the amoeboid marine alga Synchroma grande gen. et spec. nov., the Synchromophyceae are described here as a new class of Heterokontophyta. Their taxonomic position is characterized by 18S rRNA and rbcL gene phylogenies, morphology, and pigment composition. The so far unique feature of the Synchromophyceae is the occurrence of conspicuous chloroplast complexes representing multiplastidic red secondary endosymbionts. In these remarkable secondary endosymbionts, several primary chloroplasts are aggregated in a common periplastidial compartment and are collectively enveloped by an additional outer membrane pair. The discovery of this novel plastid morphology is highly relevant for research on algal evolution and is discussed in terms of the postulated monophyletic origin of Chromista.