Publications - Published papers

Please find below publications of our group. Currently, we list 496 papers. Some of the publications are in collaboration with the group of Sonja Prohaska and are also listed in the publication list for her individual group. Access to published papers (access) is restricted to our local network and chosen collaborators. If you have problems accessing electronic information, please let us know:

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The Duplication of the Hox Gene Clusters in Teleost Fishes

Sonja J. Prohaska, Peter F. Stadler


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Th. Biosci., 123: 89-110 (2004)


Higher teleost fishes, including zebrafish and fugu, have duplicated their Hox genes relative to the gene inventory of other gnathostome lineages. The most widely accepted theory contends that the duplicate Hox clusters orginated synchronously during a single genome duplication event in the early history of ray-finned fishes. In this contribution we collect and re-evaluate all publicly available sequence information. In particular, we show that the short Hox gene fragments from published PCR surveys of the killifish Fundulus heteroclitus, the medaka Oryzias latipes and the goldfish Carassius auratus can used to determine with little ambiguity not only their paralog group but also their membership in a particular cluster. Together with a survey of the genomic sequence data from the pufferfish Tetraodon nigroviridis we show that at least percomorpha, and possibly all eutelosts, share a system of seven orthologous Hox gene clusters, while at least the HoxC and HoxD clusters in ostariophysian (zebrafish) lineage might have arisen independently. There is little doubt about the orthology of the two teleost duplicates of the \textsl{HoxA} and HoxB clusters. A careful analysis of both the coding sequence of Hox genes and of conserved noncoding sequences provides additional support for the ``duplication early'' hypothesis that the Hox clusters in teleosts are derived by subsequent gene loss from an eight-cluster situation, although the data remain ambiguous in particular for the HoxC clusters. Assuming the ``duplication early'' hypothesis we use the new evidence on the Hox gene complements to determine the phylogenetic positions of gene-loss events in the wake of the cluster duplication. Surprisingly, we find that the resolution of redundancy seems to be a slow process that ist still-ongoing. A few suggestion on which additional sequence data would be most informative for resolving the history of the teleostean Hox genes are discussed.


Hox cluster, genome duplication, teleost fish, Fundulus heteroclitus, Tetraodon nigroviridis.